Language Acquisition

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Language Acquisition by Mind Map: Language Acquisition

1. Behaviourism

1.1. Video one

1.1.1. Language: process of habit formation

1.1.2. Imitations, Practice and reinforcement

1.1.3. Succeeds on feedback

1.2. Video two

1.2.1. Skinner

1.2.2. Operant condiotioning

1.2.3. Stimulus Response Reinforcement (SRR)

1.2.4. Positive and Negative Reinforcement

1.3. Video three

1.3.1. Child is passive learner

1.3.2. Environmental input criticla

1.3.3. Exposure to words & sentences drives learning

1.3.4. Parents teach language through SRR

1.3.5. Language learned in parts: 1st words, 2nd phrases and 3rd sentences

1.3.6. Kids learn language because they hear it frequently & is rewarded for using it.

1.4. Lenses

1.4.1. Focuses on observable changes in behavior

1.5. Samkange

1.5.1. Environmental factors govern language development

2. Constructivism

2.1. Lenses

2.1.1. Active construction of knowledge

2.2. Video 1

2.2.1. Information Processing: Acquisition involves building up knowledge for speaking and understanding.

2.3. Video 2

2.3.1. Breaking down a language into small pieces

2.4. Video 3

2.4.1. Focus on syntax

2.5. Olusegun

2.5.1. Children learn more and enjoy learning

2.5.2. Ownership of what they learn

3. Cognitive perspectives

3.1. Lenses

3.1.1. Quality of thinking changes

3.1.2. Factors that affect changes

3.1.3. Process used to adapt thinking

3.1.4. Stages as they mature

3.2. Video 1

3.2.1. Comprehensible input

3.3. Video 2

3.3.1. Cognitive & thinking originates in social interaction

3.4. Video 3

3.4.1. LAD - Language Acquisition Device allows learning - Chomsky

3.5. McLead

3.5.1. Importance of Shemas

3.5.2. Linked mental representation

4. Social learning perspectives

4.1. Lenses

4.1.1. Social Constructivism: Vygotsky

4.1.2. ZPD

4.2. Video 1, 2 & 3

4.2.1. Language develops socially

4.2.2. Zone of Proximal Development - ZPD

4.2.3. Krashen's input hypotheses

4.3. Lantolf

4.3.1. Child completely dependent on other people like parents

4.3.2. Innate's child's action by instructing

4.3.3. Child learns by copying and guidance