Nuclear Reaction

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Nuclear Reaction by Mind Map: Nuclear Reaction

1. Nuclear Radiation

1.1. Definition

1.1.1. The Process by which an unstable radioactive nucleus emits radiation forming nucleus of new composition

1.2. Types

1.2.1. Alpha Decay The decay of a nucleus by emitting an alpha particle

1.2.2. Beta Decay The decay of a nucleus by emitting a beta particle

1.2.3. Positron Decay The decay of a nucleus by emitting a positron particle

1.2.4. Gamma Emission The decay of a nucleus by emitting a gamma radiation

2. Half Life

2.1. Definition

2.1.1. The Half Life of a radioactive isotope is the time it takes one half of the sample to decay.

2.2. Examples

2.2.1. Carbon-14 5630 years Archeological Dating

2.2.2. Cobalt-60 5.3 years Cancer Therapy

2.2.3. Iodine-131 8 days Thyroid Therapy

2.2.4. Potassium-40 1.3 x 10^9 years Geological Dating

2.2.5. Phosphorus-32 14.3 days Leukemia Treatment

2.2.6. Technicium-99 6 hours Organ Imaging

2.2.7. Uranium-235 7.0 x 10^8 years Nucleus Reactors

3. Radioactivity

3.1. Definition

3.1.1. Radioactivity refers to the particles which are emitted from nuclei as a result of nuclear instability.

3.2. Nuclear Fission

3.2.1. It is the splitting part of a heavy nucleus into lighter nuclei and neutrons.

3.3. Nuclear Fusion

3.3.1. It is the Joining together of two light nuclei to form larger nucleus